Semur-en-Auxois : sine muros : old walls / without walls
Even if the legend says that the city was founded by Hercules, the oldest traces are dated back to the Neolithic. The discovery of some pottery fragments, attesting to the presence of houses, let us think about an occupation of the site during the Gaulish age before having been deserted in favour of Alesia.
It is only with the Germans invasions during the Vth century that the site was occupied again, with mention of the Saint Jean de Réome chapel,linked to the founder of the Moutiers-Saint-Jean Abbey.
Altitude of Semur-en-Auxois : 286,483 m, as written on the bottom of a wall situated in the street Notre-Dame.